Guatemala – a country in Central America. The Republic of Guatemala is in the northern part of Central America, stretching across the continent from the Pacific to the Caribbean. In the north and north-west it is bordered by Mexico to the south and south-east – with Honduras and El Salvador, in the north-east – with Belize. On the west by the Pacific Ocean in the east – the Gulf of Honduras Caribbean.
The first settlements on the territory of modern Guatemala emerged in the 1st millennium BC. They were settled by the Maya Indians, who did not have a single state.
In the II-IX centuries – the flourishing of the Mayan culture, then a period of decline began. In the 10th-11th centuries, the Toltecs, including the Quiche tribes, came to Guatemala from Tabasco, and conquered the central highlands with the capital Kumarkah (Utatlan). By the end of the XIV century. many peoples of Guatemala were subordinate to the Quiche.
In 1523, the colonization of the country by the Spaniards began under the leadership of Pedro de Alvarado. The greatest resistance to the Spaniards was put up by the Quiche tribe, which still remains the largest Indian tribe in Guatemala. Nevertheless, the conquistadors captured the main city of the Quiche tribe, Gumarkah, in 1524. By order of Pedro de Alvarado, the city was burned along with his nobility. By 1525, the Indians were largely subdued. But their last independent state formation on the territory of modern Guatemala, with the capital Tah-Itza (Noh-Petén), was conquered only in 1697.
Travel Route Guatemala – Mexico – USA.
Tikal – one of the largest settlements of the Maya, is located in the El Peten Guatemala Province.
The I-IX centuries BC. e. the city was one of the most important centers of the Mayan civilization. Researchers estimate that its population at that time was between 100 to 200 thousand people. By the end of the X century, after a series of rebellions, the city was finally abandoned residents.
Tikal National Park, Guatemala.
So we look to the pyramid clearing of jungle thickets.