South America, Peru. Archeological Complex Chan Chan. State Chimu reached its power in the 15th century, shortly before the conquest of the Incas. The capital city of Chan Chan is located in the valley of the river Mocha. Chimu state existed in Peru before the Inca Empire.
Chan Chan is the former center of Chimu culture and the capital of the Chimor state formation. Located on the Pacific coast of northern Peru, west of Trujillo in the La Libertad region.
Chan Chan is the largest city of the Pre-Columbian Era in South America and the largest adobe (mud brick) city in the world. The entire complex spanned over more than 20km² and it is estimated to have had over 30,000 inhabitants at the top of its glory while the Chimu Kingdom had more than 500,000 inhabitants.
Center of Chan Chan was divided into nine “citadels walls,” each built of mud-brick finished with mud, and each of which contains temples, cemeteries, gardens, reservoirs.
In the central part of the city of Chan Chan were funerary platform where the leaders of the tribe were buried. Many of these platforms were looted by the Spanish conquistadors in 1532.