Tiwanaku Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia
One of the most remarkable monuments of the ancient world – the Sun Gate. They are cut from a large rock monolith gray-green andesite width of 3.8 m, 3 m high and 0.5 m thick, their weight – about 10 tons. Above the opening carved figure of the god Viracocha, which was the capital of Tiwanaku. The most mysterious of these gates is considered in the composition, carved on the eastern facade along the rungs of the portal. This composition consists of 24 figures, constructed in three rows on each side of the central image Viracocha. Some believe that this kind of calendar. Among these figures, researchers have identified several extinct animals that lived in South America about 12,000 years ago.
Tiwanaku called Baalbek of the New World. Actually Tiwanaku name means “dead city” and dates back to Inca times, when the city, no one lived in the Inca, they themselves are wonderful builders were convinced that this huge stone city could build only their supreme deity Viracocha. Indeed, it is difficult to imagine in what way the stone statues and multi-ton monoliths, of which the Eternal City America was built, transported to the nearest quarries of Tiwanaku, located about six kilometers.